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Davide Maltoni

Fingerprint Recognition

Davide Maltoni

Computer Science Department
Università di Bologna, Italy

This lecture introduces fingerprint recognition in a top-down fashion. Some general schemes are provided to explain the overall architecture of a fingerprint recognition system. Then, the main components (acquisition device, feature extraction, and matching) are discussed in detail. Different state-of-the-art approaches are presented and compared, and the most critical difficulties in fingerprint recognition are pointed out. Hot topics like synthetic generation, latent fingerprint enhancement and performance evaluation are also discussed. Live examples and demos of several techniques are shown during the lecture to better explain the main concepts.


Davide Maltoni is an Associate Professor at University of Bologna (Dept. of Electronics, Informatics and Systems - DEIS). He teaches "Computer Architectures" and "Pattern Recognition" at Computer Science, University of Bologna, Cesena. Davide Maltoni's research interests are in the area of Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision. In particular, he is active in the field of Biometric Systems (fingerprint recognition, face recognition, hand recognition, performance evaluation of biometric systems). Davide Maltoni is co-director of the Biometric Systems Laboratory (BioLab), which is internationally known for its research and publications in the field. Several original techniques have been proposed by BioLab team for fingerprint feature extraction, matching and classification, for hand shape verification, for face location and for performance evaluation of biometric systems. In particular, BioLab developed and published the first algorithm able to meet the FBI error requirements for automatic fingerprint classification and developed SFinGe, the first effective method for generating realistic synthetic fingerprint databases. In cooperation with Prof. A.K. Jain from Michigan State University and Prof. J. Wayman from San Josè University, BioLab organized the First, Second, Third and Fourth International Competitions for Fingerprint Verification Algorithms (FVC2000, FVC2002, FVC2004 and FVC2006). Davide Maltoni is co-author of the Handbook of Fingerprint Recognition published by Springer, 2009, and co-editor of Biometric Systems - Technology, Design and Performance Evaluation Springer, 2005. He holds three patents on Fingerprint Recognition. Davide Maltoni is associate editor of the international journals: Pattern Recognition and IEEE Transaction on Information Forensic and Security. He has been elected IAPR (International Association for Pattern Recognition) Fellow 2010.